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Which Programming Language Should I Learn in 2022?

Programming language is the basic tool to write software codes. Developers and students use it to write codes to create software and applications. But with the boom in the 2000s, many new languages came into existence. Some new languages have become accepted because of their reliable features. Some become obsolete because of their complexity. So, when it comes to deciding the scope of learning a language, you have to be sure that the time invested is not in vain. It would be best to look forward to learning a programming language that will still be relevant in the future. So if you are confused, which programming language should you learn in 2022? Here is the list with their details and pros and cons:

Programming Languages You Should Learn in 2022


Python is one of the most successful programming languages. It is the go-to language for software developers because of its wide range of multipurpose applications. Along with being versatile, it also has a huge community of developers supporting the user during writing.

Organizations use Python for data science, machine learning, artificial intelligence, and web and mobile app development applications. Right now, it is the best language to learn in 2022. Let’s take a look into the pros and cons of Python.


  1. It is easy to learn for beginners
  2. Machine learning application
  3. Being portable
  4. Embeddable with software
  5. Flexible in nature
  6. A large community of language developers
  7. Extensive libraries of templates and resources


  1. Multithreading is troublesome
  2. Memory consumption is too high
  3. Security concerns due to large community and lack of secure database
  4. Slower in few processes
  5. Design issues with the interface

Recommended Courses for Python


Java is the OG of the programming language world. It has been around for a long time, but its popularity doesn’t seem to fade away yet. Java is the benchmark for new languages as it has the most basic coding language and procedures. Websites, mobile applications, and enterprise applications across all sectors use Java.

Many big corporations use Java as their programming language because of its object-oriented programming. If you don’t know any programming language, then it is recommendable that you start with Java.


  1. The high-level language, which is the same as English
  2. It doesn’t cost much
  3. More security features
  4. Being platform-independent
  5. Stability in execution
  6. Automatic memory management feature
  7. Multithreading
  8. Efficient in object-oriented programming


  1. Non-aesthetic appearance
  2. An inefficient architectural code
  3. Limited latency-critical tuning options
  4. Lack of generic programs
  5. No backup
  6. Costly paid commercial license

Recommended Courses for Java


JavaScript is also a widely-used programming language. Many tech giants use it as their website infrastructure. Its frameworks like NodeJS and AngularJS help use JavaScript in gaming software in browsers and mobile applications development.

Front-end and back-end web developers also use JavaScript. JavaScript is ultra-fast because it is not connected to any server and can run on client-side scripting. JavaScript has some security issues, but it won’t matter if the users have secure local area networking.


  1. High-speed execution
  2. It is easy to learn for beginners
  3. Well documented for every issue
  4. Interoperability with other languages
  5. Independent of plugins to run


  1. Security issues from importing from the web
  2. Controllable source code
  3. Compatibility issues with different browsers

Recommended Courses for JavaScript


C language is one of the oldest languages, then modified with a better extension, C++. Many operating systems, servers, and drivers use C/C++ for their core language strength. Even though the latest extension C++ came in 1983, the C language is still popular in many new applications. It is also used in games and software with wide cross-language supports.

C/C++. C/C++ is also recommended as the first programming language to learn, followed by Java. C, C++, Java, and C# have almost similar syntax, so you can grasp the others without trouble if you learn any of them.


  1. Similar syntax to C# and Java
  2. Wide support of compilers and libraries
  3. Smaller standard library for restrictions
  4. High-speed execution


  1. Complex to learn
  2. Less memory management
  3. No custom operators
  4. Lack of algebraic data types
  5. The syntax is strict in execution

Recommended Courses for C++


C#, also known as “C Sharp,” is a general-purpose programming language developed by Microsoft for the .NET framework. Many robust and durable applications use C# for its enhanced qualities compared to C and C++. It is also used in creating 2D and 3D games and object-oriented programming. Most of the syntax is the same as C, but the coding time decreases due to being less wordy.


  1. Same syntax as C, C++
  2. More widespread than other C enhancements
  3. Many examples
  4. Less verbose
  5. Supports
  6. Supports effective and reusable components
  7. No memory leaks


  1. Performance is slow
  2. Multiple inheritances are forbidden
  3. Less efficient in execution to other C languages
  4. Allows pointers in unsafe blocks
  5. No cross-platform support

Recommended Courses for C#

PL/SQL by Oracle

PL/SQL is a Procedural Language extension created by Oracle for Structured Query Language. It is a database programming language and comes with many optimizations and security features. PL/SQL users are across various sectors, as most of them need software that can do data handling and security. The processing power of Procedural Language combines with data manipulation powers of SQL. Better performance obtained from PL/SQL is because the code execution is in bulk rather than a single line as in SQL.

PL/SQL is also independent of the database server, so lack of interaction enhances its speed. It also supports web application development and server page development. Being an Oracle software, PL/SQL development is in Oracle Database Environment, and many database tasks performance is easy. If you are looking to learn an ever-growing development environment, then PL/SQL will provide that.


  1. Better performance
  2. High Productivity
  3. Tight integration with SQL
  4. Full portability across languages
  5. Supports object-oriented programming


  1. Uses high memory
  2. No functionality debugging
  3. Complex database editing
  4. No separate roles for Front-end and Back-end developers

Recommended Courses for PL/SQL


PHP (Stood for Personal Home Page and later a recursive acronym for Hypertext Pre-Processor) is a general-purpose language. Suitable for web development embedded into HTML. It has been around since 1994 and is always updated to new requirements. It is also open source and free to changes without intellectual rights violation.

Facebook uses PHP for its social networking website, which increases the credibility of this language. The requirements for consumers will always change with the application, but using PHP can update those with ease. PHP is the best language for high user web development, so you will always benefit from learning it.


  1. It is available cross-platform
  2. Connection with the database is easy
  3. User friendly
  4. It is open source
  5. Effective in input/output with databases
  6. Flexible programming
  7. Can function without object-oriented programming


  1. Poor error handling feature
  2. Not suitable for desktop applications
  3. Runs slower

Recommended Courses for PHP

Golang (Go)

Golang, short for Go Language, also known as GO, is a programming language developed by Google with similar syntax to C. But it has added features like memory safety, garbage collection, automatic declaration of variables, etc. Due to various features and the surety that the language is always updating, it also has many diverse users. Golang’s scopes are not yet definite as it is a new language, but as Google developed it, there will be chances that it may grasp attention.


  1. Simplicity of language
  2. Ease of use
  3. A smart library
  4. Secure sign-in
  5. Launched by tech giant Google


  1. New language
  2. No virtual machine
  3. No significant users

Recommended Courses for Golang


The R language is a machine learning language that provides an environment for sampling, collecting data, and graphical representation. R language is a statistics system, but it is also a system with statistical system implementation. Learning the R language can be helpful in machine learning applications.


  1. Easy coding
  2. Easy integration with other languages
  3. Serves as an effective statistical tool
  4. It is an open-source program
  5. Powerful and up-to-date
  6. Multiple libraries


  1. It takes time to code
  2. Complex and low consistent algorithms
  3. Decentralized library packages
  4. Memory dependent language
  5. Security issues

Recommended Courses for R


Swift is a programming language developed in 2014 by Apple for its products with the help of the open-source community. Before this, Apple used Objective-C, but it lacked efficiency. Swift is useful in programming software and applications for iOS, macOS, tvOS, watchOS. Swift will be useful for you if you want to learn about apple software development.


  1. Open-source
  2. Faster development process
  3. Automatic memory management
  4. High security
  5. High-speed execution
  6. Popular because of Apple branding
  7. Time-efficient


  1. Lack of support for older devices
  2. Fewer users
  3. Reduced interoperability

Recommended Courses for Swift


Developed by Java as a cross-platform language, Kotlin is a statistical language that is object-oriented and functional. It is useful in running codes on Java Virtual Machines. It is the most sought-after language as it is possible to develop a website and mobile app with better user interfaces.

Kotlin is very much popular among new generation developers as it is an apt replacement for Java. There is much scope in learning Kotlin, especially now when Kotlin is replacing software written in Java.


  1. Easy to learn
  2. More reliable
  3. Combination of functional and procedural programming
  4. Syncs with Java
  5. Maximized productivity due to teams
  6. Fewer bugs


  1. Limited library resources
  2. Less knowledgeable developers
  3. Slower compilation speed

Recommended Courses for Kotlin


Scalable Language, known as Scala, is also a statistical object-oriented programming language. Scala’s main purpose was to address the shortcomings of Java. It can convert to bytecode and run on Java Virtual Machines. It is also compatible with existing Java programs and provides IDE support to run very complex machine learning algorithms. As it is not open-source like other high-end statistical languages, it isn’t getting many users.


  1. It provides higher productivity
  2. High-quality work
  3. Better development
  4. Improving development environment


  1. Limited developers
  2. New tool
  3. Less commercial support

Recommended Courses for Scala


Elm is one of the newest Front-end development languages working with JavaScript. It is useful to create efficient websites with very few errors.  Redux is the base for its architecture, so it doesn’t have errors generated from the languages running on HTML and CSS. Its simple tooling is easy to learn, so if you have some time to spare, do learn Elm for Front-end developed website applications.


  1. Easy to learnable
  2. Fast execution
  3. No runtime exceptions present
  4. Static module system
  5. Batteries of frameworks and library
  6. A growing community of developers


  1. No type classes
  2. Harder to integrate with JavaScript
  3. Repetitive codes
  4. Poor windows support
  5. Sometimes features can get removed without warning

Recommended Courses for Elm


Ruby is a programming language suitable for front-end development and back-end development. The syntax in Ruby is so high leveled that it is almost comparable to the English Language. Python can give a solution to every problem in the development stage. But Ruby gives you different approaches to solve the same problem.

New companies develop software using Ruby due to its high efficiency and because Ruby is always in the talk for its novelty. Ruby on Rails (ROR) is the framework that Ruby works on for start-ups. It provides quicker launches of web applications. Ruby provides the learner with new opportunities in the programming language to be much useful for your future.


  1. Time efficiency due to faster launches
  2. Large library of tools
  3. Huge community
  4. Standardized
  5. Easy to learnable
  6. Better code readability
  7. Less amount of code


  1. Non-flexible
  2. Constant updating
  3. Slower performance time
  4. Small details matter

Recommended Courses for Ruby


The Rust programming language allows writing reliable and faster software. Rust provides the developer with high-level ergonomics, low-level controls, a powerful technical capacity. And a great developer experience. It is ideal for a group of developers working on the same project. Rust also provides better language and tooling along with libraries. Even though Rust is hard to learn, there is a lot of opportunity in this field for developers. So, give it a try.


  1. Strong support of generics
  2. Complex codes guarantee safety
  3. Prediction of run time behavior
  4. Strong community support
  5. Lesser debugging and test time


  1. Complex in programming
  2. Difficult to learn
  3. Slow compilation

Recommended Courses for Rust


There are many other programming languages, but one should always consider some points. Like complexity in learning, own field of interest and the language that caters to its needs, time to get expertise, etc. With a lot of languages, it might be hard to pinpoint a single language. The best method is to learn any two languages. One should be a benchmark language for other languages. Thus, creating a strong base of knowledge for yourself. And with time, you can always learn new languages based on the already known languages.

Written by Vinish Kapoor

An Oracle Apex Consultant, Oracle ACE, and founder of and a question and answer forum for developers.


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